The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories

The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories by J. L. Heilbron

Title: The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories
Author: J. L. Heilbron
ISBN10: 0674854330
ISBN13: 978-0674854338
Publisher: Harvard University Press; Second Printing edition (October 15, 1999)
Language: English
Subcategory: World
Size PDF: 1435 kb
Size Fb2: 1707 kb
Rating: 4.0/5
Votes: 262
Pages: 366 pages
Other Format: azw lrf lit lrf

The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories by J. L. Heilbron


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Between 1650 and 1750, four Catholic churches were the best solar observatories in the world. Built to fix an unquestionable date for Easter, they also housed instruments that threw light on the disputed geometry of the solar system, and so, within sight of the altar, subverted Church doctrine about the order of the universe.

A tale of politically canny astronomers and cardinals with a taste for mathematics, The Sun in the Church tells how these observatories came to be, how they worked, and what they accomplished. It describes Galileo's political overreaching, his subsequent trial for heresy, and his slow and steady rehabilitation in the eyes of the Catholic Church. And it offers an enlightening perspective on astronomy, Church history, and religious architecture, as well as an analysis of measurements testing the limits of attainable accuracy, undertaken with rudimentary means and extraordinary zeal. Above all, the book illuminates the niches protected and financed by the Catholic Church in which science and mathematics thrived.

Superbly written, The Sun in the Church provides a magnificent corrective to long-standing oversimplified accounts of the hostility between science and religion.