Empathy and Fairness (Novartis Foundation Symposia) by Gregory R. Bock, Jamie A. Goode epub pdf fb2Title: Empathy and Fairness (Novartis Foundation Symposia)
Author: Gregory R. Bock, Jamie A. Goode
Publisher: Wiley; 1 edition (December 15, 2006)
Subcategory: Basic Sciences
Size PDF: 1323 kb
Size Fb2: 1552 kb
Pages: 240 pages
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Empathy and Fairness (Novartis Foundation Symposia) by Gregory R. Bock, Jamie A. Goode
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Although empathy seems to be an automatic response of the brain to others’ emotional reactions, there are circumstances under which we do not share the same feeling as others. Imagine, for example, that someone who does the same job as you is paid twice as much. In this case, that person might be very satisfied with their extra salary, but you would not share this satisfaction. This case illustrates the ubiquitous feeling of fairness and justice.
Our sense of fairness has also become the focus of modern economic theories. In contrast to the prominent self-interest hypothesis of classic economy assuming that all people are exclusively motivated by their self-interest, humans are also strongly motivated by other-regarding preferences such as the concern for fairness and reciprocity. The notion of fairness is not only crucial in personal interaction with others in the context of families, workplace or interactions with strangers, but also guides people’s behaviour in impersonal economic and political domains.
This book brings together work from a wide range of disciplines to explain processes underlying empathy and fairness. The expert contributors approach the topic of empathy and fairness from different viewpoints, namely those of social cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, evolutionary anthropology, economics and neuropathology. The result is an interdisciplinary and unitary framework focused on the neuronal, developmental, evolutionary and psychological basis of empathy and fairness. With its extensive discussions and the high calibre of the participants, this important new book is essential reading for anyone with an interest in this topic.