John F. Kennedy and U.S.-middle East Relations: A History of American Foreign Policy in the 1960s

John F. Kennedy and U.S.-middle East Relations: A History of American Foreign Policy in the 1960s by April R. Summitt

Title: John F. Kennedy and U.S.-middle East Relations: A History of American Foreign Policy in the 1960s
Author: April R. Summitt
ISBN10: 0773449426
ISBN13: 978-0773449428
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Pr (December 5, 2008)
Language: English
Subcategory: Humanities
Size PDF: 1293 kb
Size Fb2: 1864 kb
Rating: 3.5/5
Votes: 422
Pages: 275 pages
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John F. Kennedy and U.S.-middle East Relations: A History of American Foreign Policy in the 1960s by April R. Summitt


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This is the first comprehensive examination of President Kennedy's policy toward the entire Middle East.A study of President John F. Kennedy's policy toward the Middle East illustrates the agency and unexpected power wielded by Third World countries during the Cold War. In spite of careful planning in Washington, Middle Eastern leaders often manipulated and directed Kennedy's approach to the region. Regional actors used American fears of Communism to gain increased financial aid, military support, and influence in the United Nations. Although seeming to submit to Western pressures in exchange for such support, these leaders played both superpowers against each other and shaped policy according to local needs. While this relationship meant a degree of dependency upon the United States, it also brought the ability to yield influence beyond their actual economic and military strength. Such a complete view provides a new understanding of a pivotal period in U.S.-Middle East relations.