Reasons for Action: Toward a Normative Theory and Meta-Level Criteria (Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy)

Reasons for Action: Toward a Normative Theory and Meta-Level Criteria (Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy) by B.C. Postow

Title: Reasons for Action: Toward a Normative Theory and Meta-Level Criteria (Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy)
Author: B.C. Postow
ISBN10: 0792357000
ISBN13: 978-0792357001
Publisher: Springer; 1999 edition (May 31, 1999)
Language: English
Subcategory: Humanities
Size PDF: 1367 kb
Size Fb2: 1781 kb
Rating: 4.6/5
Votes: 319
Pages: 205 pages
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Reasons for Action: Toward a Normative Theory and Meta-Level Criteria (Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy) by B.C. Postow


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2 first-person point of view, I acknowledge these possible handicaps and try to overcome them. Other people may coherently judge that I am incapable of figuring out correctly what I rationally ought to do, or they may inform me of reasons of which I had heretofore been ignorant, or they may try to help me overcome intellectual hindrances. Like me, these people would be assuming that the goal is to identify what I really rationally ought to do. Nevertheless, we are concerned with reasons for the agent to act in a certain way, rather than with reasons, say, for someone to want it to be the case that the agent act. Thus to be a reason in our sense is to be a consideration which has an appropriate guiding role to play in the. agents deliberation. (An agent is guided by reasons if she determines what to do in light of the reasons. ) Suppose then that a norĀ­ mative theory says that it is supremely desirable, or that it rationally ought to be the case, that agents act in a way that maximizes the general utility, but that (since the general utility is never in fact maximized by those who pay attention to it) considerations of the general utility should play no role in the agents' deliberation. Such a theory would not be said to ascribe to agents a reason to maximize the general utility on our usage.